Composition Of Biology Department
To provide students a quality driven educational experience in both theoretical and practical biology that promotes self discipline, care for the environment, healthy life style, skills development and motivation for lifelong learning.
What Is Biology?
Biology is the science of life and its processes. Biology is often believed to be an inaccurate science as there are many areas where we do not have much control or the factors affecting the process is multifactorial. One such process is ageing. The science of health, fitness and diet still cannot stop people from ageing.
Many ethical issues are sometimes avoided by scientists and are left to sociologists and legal experts to sort out. Such controversial issues include organ transplant, cloning and genetic engineering. Many people are still sceptical about the use of genetically modified plants and animals in modern agricultural practices.
Another controversial issue in biology is abortion. Pro-life groups are completely against abortion where as women rights groups argue for the right to abortion for women. Recently, there have been amendments in the law of Mauritius to allow abortions in some special cases such as medical or rape. Should the foetus have any rights? Should any humans have rights?
The science of evolution is still not accepted by some people as it is against their religious or philosophical convictions. Testing of drugs on animals and humans is a debate in many countries and often it takes many years for the research and development teams to design and test new drugs before they get patents. Many new pills contain a new combination of known drugs to provide symptomatic cure for headaches, fever, pain etc. Drug resistance is becoming a new challenge for treatment of infections.
With modern lifestyle and a society based on mass consumption and overexploitation of resources, there is a serious cost to be paid in terms of respiratory diseases and psychological diseases, including stress, dwindling of biological diversity and extermination of some species such as bees, dolphins, whales, polar bears and tigers. Air, water, land and noise pollution are affecting our lives. Global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rain and eutrophication are some environmental issues which need to be addressed. The recent case of Fukushima nuclear reactor catastrophe in Japan shows our need to use renewable energy sources to generate electricity.
The contamination of water bodies by drugs containing birth control hormones such as oestrogen have been shown to have drastic changes in the sex organs of fish.
However, there is a silver lining in the dark cloud described above. Biology from the time of Hippocrates, Mendel and Darwin has made significant progress in the fields of medicine, biotechnology, reproductive health and ecology. Now scientists are better able to explain causes of diseases such influenza, AIDS, chickungunya, dengue fever etc. Better equipment and drugs are now available to diagnose and treat diseases. Cancerous growth can be detected at an early stage and treated sucessfully. The progress made in the field of biological sciences need to be taught in our schools for the improvement in the quality of life of the population. It is fundamental that citizens should be aware about health risks associated with diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart diseases and to take action concerning their lifestyle and diet. The human genome project is one of the best achievements in biology as internet is in the field of technology.
As parents, we should know what a balanced diet is and give proper care to our children when they are ill. A study of biology helps us understand our body and changes which occur during puberty. It cannot be denied that sexual education is important for our youth and should be included in the school curriculum.
The biology curriculum at secondary level aims at providing both a theoretical and practical course to develop scientific knowledge, skills and attitude for the students. The practical work provides learning opportunities so that students develop experimental, analytical and investigative skills. Practical work motivates the students and instils an understanding of the interplay of experiment and theory in scientific method.
At school, students learn about characteristics of living things and the different body systems such as digestive, circulatory, nervous etc. Students learn that a cell is a very complex organisation of organelles based on structure and function. They also realise that all life forms from virus and bacteria to plants and animals including man are made up from the same biological molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. DNA is the blueprint of life on our planet.
At Ramsoondur Prayag S.S.S., we encourage the study of biology from Form 1 to Form 6 through hands on activities, demonstrations and practical enquiries. Students work individually or in groups to learn biological topics such as cells, tissues, nutrition, enzymes, blood, respiration etc. Students develop scientific skills and learn to apply knowledge and use apparatus effectively. For example, they use microscopes to study cells, plant and animal tissues, and microscopic organisms. Students work in a friendly and safe atmosphere and develop both academic and scientific temper.
Students are given support through I.T and CIE website to help in their quest for knowledge and exams preparation.
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